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2017年职称英语考试试题综合类补全短文级译文(7)

时间:2017/4/25 16:51:00 来源:外语学习网  作者:daibenhua 

 Obesity Causes Global Warming

  The list of ills attributable to obesity keeps growing:Last week,obese people were accused of causing global warming.

  This conclusion comes from Sheldon Jacobson of the University of Illinois,US,and a doctoral student,Laura McLay.Their study calculates how much extra gasoline is needed to haul fat Americans around.The answer,they say,is a billion gallons of gas per year.(1)

  There has been calls for taxes on junk food2 in recent years.(2) "We tax cigarettes partly because of their health cost",Schmidt said."Similarly,leading a lazy lifestyle will end up costing taxpayers more."

  US political scientist Eric Oliver said his first instinct was to laugh at these gas and fast food arguments.But such claims are getting attention.

  At the US Obesity Society's annual meeting,one person correlated obesity with car accident deaths,and another correlated obesity with suicides.(3) "The funny thing was that everyone took it seriously." Oliver said.

  In a 1960s study,children were shown drawings of children with disabilities and without them,and a drawing of an obese child.They were asked which they would want for a friend?(4)

  Three researchers recently repeated the study using college students.Once again,almost no one,not even obese people,liked the obese person.“Obesity was stigmatized." the researchers said.

  But,researchers say,getting thin is not like quitting smoking.People struggle to stop smoking,and,in the end,many succeed.Obesity is different.But,not because obese people don't care.(5) Genes also play a part.

  词汇:

  obese 肥胖的 haul 运输

  correlate 与……相联系 stigma 坏名声

  stigmatize 侮辱

  注释:

  1.carbon dioxide:二氧化碳

  2.junk food:垃圾食品

  3.cause-and-effect relationship:因果关系

  练习:

  A.A meager diet may keep you thin.

  B.It means an extra 11 million tons of carbon dioxide.

  C.The obese child was picked last.

  D.US economist Martin Schmidt suggests a tax on fast food delivered to people's cars.

  E.Science has shown that they have limited personal control over their weight.

  F.No one asked whether there was really a cause-and-effect relationship.

  答案与题解:

  1.B第二段讲到Sheldon Jacobson和Laura McLay在一项研究中计算了运送美国胖子一年需 要多消耗10亿加仑的汽油。从所给的这些句子来看,只有B是连贯的。B句为Jtmeaiis an extra 11 million tons of carbon dioxide.这意味着多放出 1100 万吨二氧化碳。

  2.D第三段的第一个句子,即空格前的句子,讲的是:近些年,不断有人提出要给垃圾食品征 税。这是个主题句,那么后面的句子讲得应该更具体一点。D说得更具体,是这么说的:US economist Martin Schmidt suggests a tax on fast food delivered to people's cars.美国经济学家 Martin Schmidt建议对送到车上的快餐要征税。另外,从主题的发展来看,也只有这个句子 最合适o

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