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2017年职称英语考试试题综合类补全短文级译文(1)

时间:2017/4/25 16:49:00 来源:外语学习网  作者:daibenhua 

Heat Is Killer

  Extremely hot weather is common in many parts of the world.Although hot weather just makes most people feel hot,it can cause serious medical problems — even death.Floods,storms,volcano eruptions and other natural disasters kill thousands of people every year.(l) .Experts say heat may be nature's deadliest killer.Recently,extreme heat was blamed for killing more than one hundred people in India.It is reported that the total heat of a hot day or several days can affect health.( 2) .Experts say heat waves often become dangerous when the nighttime temperature does not drop much from the highest daytime temperature.This causes great stress on the human body.

  (3) .Stay out of the sun,if possible.Drink lots of cool water.Wear light colored clothing made of natural materials;avoid wearing synthetic clothing.Make sure the clothing is loose,permitting freedom of movement1.And learn the danger signs of the medical problems,such as headache and vomiting,that are linked to heat.(4) .The pain is a warning that the body is becoming too hot.Doctors say those suffering headache or muscle pain should stop all activity and rest in a cool place and drink cool liquids.Do not return to physical activity3 for a few hours because more serious conditions could develop.

  Doctors say some peoples face an increased danger from heat stress.(5).

  Hot weather also increases dangers for people who must take medicine for high blood pressure4,poor blood flow,nervousness or depression.

  词汇:

  eruption .爆发,喷发 vomit 呕吐

  deadly 致命的 muscle肌肉 synthetic 合成的

  注释:

  1.Make sure the clothing is loose,permitting freedom of movement.衣月艮——定要宽松,以便活动自如。make sure意为“确信,保证”,其后面从句的谓语要用一般现在时。一如:Make sure the door is locked before you leave0 permitting freedom of movement是分词短语,用做目的状语。

  2.The pain is a warning that the body is becoming too hot.疼痛是一个警告,说明你的身体过热。that the body is becoming too hot 是同位语从句,与 warning 同位,说明warning的内容

  3.physical activity:体力活动

  4.Hot weather also increases dangers for people who must take medicine for high blood pressure ...炎热天气对于那些必须服药以控制血压的人,…也增加了危险性。

  练习:

  A.Such persons have a weak or damaged heart,high blood pressure,or other problems of the blood system.

  B.Several of these conditions are present at the same time.

  C.Most people suffer only muscle pain as a result of heat stress.

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